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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2006 Oct 1;302(1):178-86. Epub 2006 Jun 7.

Dendron-protected Au nanoparticles--effect of dendritic structure on chemical stability.

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Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK.


A series of gold nanoparticles stabilised by 'Newkome-type' dendritic branching has been synthesised and fully characterised. In particular, the properties and behaviour of these hybrid materials are compared with those of a previously reported set of nanoparticles stabilised by dendrons constructed using l-lysine building blocks. The rates of cyanide-induced nanoparticle decomposition were determined, and it was found that the rate of decomposition increased on the introduction of dendritic branching. Furthermore, 'Newkome-type' dendrons were significantly more effective at protecting the encapsulated gold nanoparticle than the l-lysine based dendrons. It is proposed that this observation can be explained on the basis of more effective packing and surface coverage by the 'Newkome-type' dendrons. Importantly, this study therefore demonstrates that the organic chemical structure of dendritic ligands plays a crucial role in controlling the reactivity of self-assembled hybrid nanostructures.

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