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Int J Sports Med. 1991 Aug;12(4):399-402.

Time course of in vivo insulin sensitivity after a single bout of exercise in rats.

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Chukyo University, School of Physical Education.


After a single bout of treadmill running (20 m.min-1, 1 hour), the time course of the in vivo insulin sensitivity was determined in previously untrained rats. The glucose infusion rate (GIR, as an index of insulin sensitivity was assessed by the euglycemic insulin clamp technique 1 (1h-post-Ex group), 3 (3h-post-Ex), 6 (6h-post-Ex) and 24 hours after exercise (24h-post-Ex), n = 8 in each group. GIRs increased with time from 5.72 +/- 1.02 (1h-post-Ex), to 7.58 +/- 1.07 (3h-post-Ex), 10.31 +/- 1.52 (6h-post-Ex) and 10.23 +/- 1.62 (24h-post-Ex) vs control (5.51 +/- 0.63); the GIR in the 6h-post-Ex and the 24h-post-Ex were significantly higher than those in the control and the 1h-post-Ex groups (p less than 0.05). The rate of increase was equivalent to that observed after long-term training in our previous study. GIR of alpha-adrenergic blockade infused 1 hour after exercise (1h-post-Ex alpha) significantly increased (8.32 +/- 0.96) compared to the control and no exercise alpha-blocker-infused control (C alpha) (p less than 0.05). But no significant difference was shown between 1h-post-Ex and 1h-post-Ex alpha groups. In the beta-blocker-infused group, GIR did not show a significant increase. These results indicate that an increase in the in vivo insulin sensitivity after a single bout of exercise is not evident until 6 hours post-exercise. The delay in the sensitivity might partly be explained by the suppression caused by catecholamines via the alpha-mechanism.

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