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Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2006 Jul;75(1):9-17. Epub 2006 Jun 27.

Gastric mucosal cell model for estimating relative gastrointestinal toxicity of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

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Metagenics, 9770 44th Avenue, Gig Harbor, WA 98332, USA.


The study objective was to characterize the AGS human gastric mucosal cell line as a model for estimating gastrointestinal toxicity of COX-inhibiting compounds. Rofecoxib, celecoxib, nimesulide, ibuprofen, indomethacin, aspirin, salicylic acid, naproxen and acetaminophen were tested for inhibition of COX-2-mediated prostaglandin E2 synthesis in A549 and AGS cells. The IC50 ratio AGS/A549 was calculated as an estimate of the therapeutic index (TI) for gastrointestinal toxicity. Calculated IC50 values of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in A549 cells were in excellent agreement with published values (r = 0.996; P < 0.005). Calcium ionophore induction of arachidonic acid release in AGS cells provided TI similar to those using platelets and A549 cells (r = 0.918; P < 0.01). The AGS/A549 model exhibited lower TI than the platelet/A549 model. Spearman ranking correlated clinical NSAID gastropathy with lower AGS TI values. The AGS cell line has excellent potential to serve as a model for assessing the gastrointestinal effects of COX-inhibiting compounds.

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