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Cell Calcium. 2006 Oct;40(4):359-71. Epub 2006 Jun 27.

Mitochondria buffer NCX-mediated Ca2+-entry and limit its diffusion into vascular smooth muscle cells.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada V6T 1Z1; Child & Family Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada V5Z 4H4.


The reverse-mode of the Na(+)/Ca(2+)-exchanger (NCX) mediates Ca(2+)-entry in agonist-stimulated vascular smooth muscle (VSM) and plays a central role in salt-sensitive hypertension. We investigated buffering of Ca(2+)-entry by peripheral mitochondria upon NCX reversal in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMC). [Ca(2+)] was measured in mitochondria ([Ca(2+)](MT)) and the sub-plasmalemmal space ([Ca(2+)](subPM)) with targeted aequorins and in the bulk cytosol ([Ca(2+)](i)) with fura-2. Substitution of extracellular Na(+) by N-methyl-d-glucamine transiently increased [Ca(2+)](MT) ( approximately 2microM) and [Ca(2+)](subPM) ( approximately 1.3microM), which then decreased to sustained plateaus. In contrast, Na(+)-substitution caused a delayed and tonic increase in [Ca(2+)](i) (<100nM). Inhibition of Ca(2+)-uptake by the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) (30microM cyclopiazonic acid) or mitochondria (2microM FCCP or 2microM ruthenium red) enhanced the elevation of [Ca(2+)](subPM). These treatments also abolished the delay in the [Ca(2+)](i) response to 0Na(+) and increased its amplitude. Extracellular ATP (1mM) caused a peak and plateau in [Ca(2+)](i), and only the plateau was inhibited by KB-R7943 (10microM), a selective blocker of reverse-mode NCX. Evidence for ATP-mediated NCX-reversal was also found in changes in [Na(+)](i). Mitochondria normally exhibited a transient elevation of [Ca(2+)] in response to ATP, but inhibiting the mitochondrial NCX with CGP-37157 (10microM) unmasked an agonist-induced increase in mitochondrial Ca(2+)-flux. This flux was blocked by KB-R7943. In summary, mitochondria and the sarcoplasmic reticulum co-operate to buffer changes in [Ca(2+)](i) due to agonist-induced NCX reversal.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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