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Phytochemistry. 2006 Aug;67(16):1758-64. Epub 2006 Jun 27.

Identification of a low vindoline accumulating cultivar of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don by alkaloid and enzymatic profiling.

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1
Department of Biological Sciences, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Avenue, St. Catharines, Ont., Canada L2S 3A1.

Abstract

The Madagascar periwinkle [Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don] is a commercially important horticultural flower species and is the only source of the monoterpenoid indole alkaloids (MIAs), vinblastine and vincristine, key pharmaceutical compounds used to combat a number of different cancers. The present study uses high performance liquid chromatography for metabolic profiling of the MIAs extracted from seedlings and young leaves of 50 different flowering cultivars of C. roseus to show that, except for a single low vindoline cultivar (Vinca Mediterranean DP Orchid), they accumulate similar levels of MIAs. Further enzymatic studies with extracts from young leaves and from developing seedlings show that the low vindoline cultivar has a 10-fold lower tabersonine-16-hydroxylase activity than those of C. roseus cv. Little Delicata. It is concluded that rapid metabolic and more selective enzymatic profiling of Catharanthus mutants could be useful for the identification of a range of altered MIA biosynthesis lines.

PMID:
16806326
DOI:
10.1016/j.phytochem.2006.05.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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