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Clin Chim Acta. 2006 Nov;373(1-2):168-71. Epub 2006 May 17.

Inclusion of MPA and in a rapid multi-drug LC-tandem mass spectrometric method for simultaneous determination of immunosuppressants.

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Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, University Hospital Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 27, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.



[corrected] Mycophenolic Acid (MPA) is often co-prescribed as part of a multiple immunosuppressant drug regimen. In this study an established LC-MS/MS method for the measurement of immunosuppressants cyclosporine A, tacrolimus, sirolimus and everolimus was optimized to include MPA without changing the sample pre-treatment and the LC-MS/MS configuration.


The sample pretreatment for EDTA-plasma was used as for whole blood. After protein precipitation of 50 mul EDTA-plasma fast on-line matrix clean-up was performed using a column switching program. The chromatographic step was optimized to separate MPA and its glucuronide metabolite (MPAG). Multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) was used for detection of MPA (337.7>207.2) and MPAG (513.6>207.2).


A total analysis time of 5 min was needed to separate MPA and MPAG. The method was linear between 0.05 and 50 mg/L for MPA. Analytical recoveries were >95%. Variation coefficients ranged between 3.1 and 4.1%. Method comparison for MPA was performed using a commercial HPLC-UV test. The Pearson correlation coefficients were >0.9. The Bland-Altman plot showed an excellent agreement between LC-MS/MS and HPLC-UV quantification.


We present a robust online SPE-LC-MS/MS platform for a simultaneous and fast daily therapeutic drug monitoring of five immunosuppressive drugs in whole blood and plasma samples.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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