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Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2007 Aug;17(4):431-6. Epub 2006 Jun 28.

Moderate exercise in hypoxia induces a greater arterial desaturation in trained than untrained men.

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Université Paris 13, Laboratoire Réponses cellulaires et fonctionnelles à l'hypoxie, Bobigny, France.


During moderate exercise breathing a low inspired O(2) fraction (F(I)O(2)), arterial O(2) desaturation may depend on the fitness level. Seven trained (TM) and seven untrained men (UTM) cycled in normoxia and in hypoxia (F(I)O(2)=0.187, 0.173, 0.154, 0.13 and 0.117). We compared TM and UTM at submaximal intensities below the ventilatory threshold. Ventilatory variables were monitored and arterial oxygen saturation was measured by pulse oximetry. O(2) saturation was not different between groups at sea level. In hypoxia, O(2) saturation was lower in TM than in UTM at F(I)O(2)=0.154 (87.3 +/- 2.9% vs 90.4 +/- 1.5% at 90 W) and below. Both the ventilatory-equivalent and the end-tidal O(2) pressure were lower in TM at sea level and at every F(I)O(2), with the differences between TM and UTM becoming apparent at lower exercise intensity and increasing in magnitude as the severity of hypoxia increased. O(2) saturation was correlated with the ventilatory parameters at every F(I)O(2) and the correlations were stronger in severe hypoxia. These results demonstrate that a moderate exercise carried out in hypoxia, contrary to normoxic conditions, can lead to a greater arterial desaturation in TM compared with UTM. This phenomenon could be partly attributed to a relative hypoventilation in trained subjects.

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