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Nicotine Tob Res. 2006 Jun;8(3):339-51.

Assessing tobacco dependence: a guide to measure evaluation and selection.

Author information

1
Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, University of Wisconsin Medical School and Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53711, USA. mep@ctri.medicine.wisc.edu

Abstract

Tobacco dependence is a key construct in tobacco research. This paper describes a construct validation approach to dependence assessment and describes key conceptual and psychometric criteria on which to evaluate putative measures of dependence. Five current dependence scales-the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence; the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.); the Cigarette Dependence Scale; the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale; and the Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives-are examined with respect to these critical dimensions. Recommendations are made regarding the use of each measure.

PMID:
16801292
DOI:
10.1080/14622200600672765
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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