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J Phys Chem B. 2006 Jun 22;110(24):11751-6.

Mechanism of laser-induced size-reduction of gold nanoparticles as studied by nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy.

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1
Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902, Japan.

Abstract

Gold nanoparticles with an average diameter of approximately 8 nm (Au approximately 15,000) were irradiated with a tightly focused pulse laser at 355 nm in an aqueous solution of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Transient absorption spectra of the solution were measured at 25-100 ns after the laser irradiation. The observed transient absorption around 720 nm is assignable to the 2p <-- 1s transition of solvated electrons produced via multiple ionization of the gold nanoparticles. The nascent charge state of the gold nanoparticles was estimated from the transient absorbance. The dependence of the charge state on the SDS concentration shows a gradual increase from approximately +60 to approximately +70 in the 2 x 10(-4) to 3 x 10(-4) M range and an abrupt increase up to approximately +710 at the critical micelle concentration (CMC) of SDS, 8 x 10(-3) M. TEM measurements after laser irradiation reveal that the gold nanoparticles fragment into Au(approximately 1000) at a SDS concentration of 3 x 10(-4) M, whereas they are significantly dissociated into Au(approximately 100) above the CMC. The observed correlation between the nascent charge states and the extent of size reduction of the gold nanoparticles after the laser treatment indicates that the size reduction is caused by the Coulomb explosion of the highly charged gold nanoparticles. The mechanism of laser-induced size reduction is quantitatively discussed based on the liquid drop model.

PMID:
16800473
DOI:
10.1021/jp061020b
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