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Hepatology. 2006 Jul;44(1):216-27.

Favored T helper 1 response in a mouse model of hepatosteatosis is associated with enhanced T cell-mediated hepatitis.

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  • 1Center for Alcohol Studies, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. mkremer@med.unc.edu

Abstract

Steatohepatitis enhances the severity of liver injury caused by acute inflammation. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that fatty liver due to chronic choline-deficient diet exacerbates concanavalin A (ConA)-induced liver hepatitis, which is predominantly facilitated by T cells. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed either control choline-sufficient diet (CSD) or choline-deficient diet (CDD) for 6 weeks before ConA administration. Mice were sacrificed 3, 9, and 24 hours after ConA injection. Liver injury measured by aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), pathology, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining was minimal in mice fed either diet before ConA exposure. However, ConA-induced liver injury was significantly greater in CDD-fed mice compared with control-fed mice. Liver cytokines were assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The expression of T helper (Th) 1 cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 12 (IL-12), and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) were dramatically elevated after ConA in CDD-fed mice compared with control-fed mice. CDD also enhanced ConA-induced STAT4 activation, but not STAT6. Notably, regulators of T-cell differentiation were strongly shifted toward a predominant Th1 profile. T-bet, regulator of the Th1 response, was up-regulated in CDD-fed mice, whereas Th2 regulator GATA-3 was significantly suppressed in CDD-fed mice after ConA. Moreover, the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1, SOCS-3, and repressor of GATA-3 (ROG) favored a predominant Th1 cytokine response in CDD-fed mice. In conclusion, these data support the hypothesis that hepatosteatosis caused by CDD is associated with more severe ConA-induced hepatitis due to a predominant shift toward Th1 response.

PMID:
16799967
DOI:
10.1002/hep.21221
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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