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Eur Radiol. 2007 Jan;17(1):151-62. Epub 2006 Jun 24.

Preoperative assessment and follow-up of congenital abnormalities of the pulmonary arteries using CT and MRI.

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Department of Pediatric Radiology, University Children's Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 153, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.


Congenital heart disease (CHD), including complex anomalies of the pulmonary arteries, are now earlier diagnosed and treated. Due to improvements in interventional and surgical therapy, the number of patients with the need for follow-up examinations is increasing. Pre- and postinterventional imaging should be done as gently as possible, avoiding invasive techniques if possible. With the technical improvement of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), both techniques are increasingly used for noninvasive assessment of the pulmonary vasculature in children with CHD. Knowledge of the most common diseases affecting the pulmonary vasculature and the kind of surgical and interventional procedures is essential for optimal imaging planning. This is especially important because interventions can be positively influenced by high-quality imaging. Therefore, the most common diseases and procedures are described and imaging modality of choice and important image findings are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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