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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 Jun;117(7 Suppl):12S-34S.

The basic science of wound healing.

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1
Department of Plastic Surgery, Nancy L and Perry Bass Advanced Wound Healing Laboratory, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9132, USA. george.broughton@us.army.mil

Abstract

Understanding wound healing today involves much more than simply stating that there are three phases: "inflammation, proliferation, and maturation." Wound healing is a complex series of reactions and interactions among cells and "mediators." Each year, new mediators are discovered and our understanding of inflammatory mediators and cellular interactions grows. This article will attempt to provide a concise report of the current literature on wound healing by first reviewing the phases of wound healing followed by "the players" of wound healing: inflammatory mediators (cytokines, growth factors, proteases, eicosanoids, kinins, and more), nitric oxide, and the cellular elements. The discussion will end with a pictorial essay summarizing the wound-healing process.

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