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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006 Jun;61(6):568-71.

Age-related accumulation of a novel CD44 + CD25lowgammadelta T-cell population in hematopoietic organs of the mouse.

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  • 1Department for Gene and Cell Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Box 1496, Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Abstract

We discovered a novel population of gammadelta T cells in the mouse that accumulates with age in hematopoietic organs, but not in epithelia. These cells are CD25low (an unusual phenotype for gammadelta T cells in the mouse); express higher levels of TCRgammadelta and CD44 than do CD25- gammadelta T cells; mainly express Vgamma2, Vgamma3, and Vgamma4 chains; and are largely quiescent. A very similar cell population appears in the late stages of fetal thymus organ cultures, suggesting that the accumulation of CD44 + CD25lowTCRgammadelta + cells is a response to stress induced by aging in vivo or by culture in vitro. The precursors of CD44 + CD25lowTCRgammadelta + cells are generated during fetal or very young adult life, as this population was undetectable in aged recipients of bone marrow from old or young donors. CD44 + CD25lowTCRgammadelta + cells may be a biomarker of aging, but could also play a role in the inflammatory changes that accompany aging.

PMID:
16799138
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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