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DNA Repair (Amst). 2006 Sep 8;5(9-10):1010-20. Epub 2006 Jun 23.

Recombination between retrotransposons as a source of chromosome rearrangements in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.


Homologous recombination between dispersed repeated genetic elements is an important source of genetic variation. In this review, we discuss chromosome rearrangements that are a consequence of homologous recombination between transposable elements in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The review will be divided into five sections: (1) Introduction (mechanisms of homologous recombination involving ectopic repeats), (2) Spontaneous chromosome rearrangements in wild-type yeast cells, (3) Chromosome rearrangements induced by low DNA polymerase, mutagenic agents or mutations in genes affecting genome stability, (4) Recombination between retrotransposons as a mechanism of genome evolution, and (5) Important unanswered questions about homologous recombination between retrotransposons. This review complements several others [S. Liebman, S. Picologlou, Recombination associated with yeast retrotransposons, in: Y. Koltin, M.J. Leibowitz (Eds.), Viruses of Fungi and Simple Eukaryotes, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1988, pp. 63-89; P. Lesage, A.L. Todeschini, Happy together: the life and times of Ty retrotransposons and their hosts, Cytogenet. Genome Res. 110 (2005) 70-90; D.J. Garfinkel, Genome evolution mediated by Ty elements in Saccharomyces, Cytogenet. Genome Res. 110 (2005) 63-69] that discuss genomic rearrangements involving Ty elements.

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