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Lancet. 1991 Sep 14;338(8768):661-2.

Immunogenetic prediction of pulmonary fibrosis in systemic sclerosis.

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Department of Immunogenetics, Guy's Hospital, London, UK.


75 systemic sclerosis patients were independently tested for pulmonary fibrosis, autoantibodies, and MHC class II genes. 24 of 42 (57%) patients with pulmonary fibrosis had either HLA DR3/DRw52a or anti-Scl-70 vs 2 of 33 (6%) patients without pulmonary fibrosis. The presence of DR3/DRw52a or anti-Scl-70 gives a relative risk of 16.7 for the development of pulmonary fibrosis in a patient with scleroderma--a risk substantial enough to require careful monitoring of these patients and treatment at an early stage of disease.

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