Send to

Choose Destination
Trends Cogn Sci. 2006 Jul;10(7):294-300. Epub 2006 Jun 21.

Bayesian theories of conditioning in a changing world.

Author information

Département d'Informatique et de Recherche Opérationnelle, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada.


The recent flowering of Bayesian approaches invites the re-examination of classic issues in behavior, even in areas as venerable as Pavlovian conditioning. A statistical account can offer a new, principled interpretation of behavior, and previous experiments and theories can inform many unexplored aspects of the Bayesian enterprise. Here we consider one such issue: the finding that surprising events provoke animals to learn faster. We suggest that, in a statistical account of conditioning, surprise signals change and therefore uncertainty and the need for new learning. We discuss inference in a world that changes and show how experimental results involving surprise can be interpreted from this perspective, and also how, thus understood, these phenomena help constrain statistical theories of animal and human learning.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center