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Inhibitory epidermal pentapeptide modulates proliferation and differentiation of transformed mouse epidermal cells in vitro.

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Institute of Pathology, Rikshospitalet (The National Hospital), Oslo, Norway.


A transformed mouse epidermal cell line ("308 cells") and nontransformed rat tongue squamous epithelial cells ("RT10 cells") were treated 3 times weekly for a period of two weeks with relatively large doses (150 micrograms/ml) of a synthetic inhibitory epidermal pentapeptide; pyroGlu-Glu-Asp-Ser-GlyOH. The peptide was recently isolated from mouse skin extracts and inhibits normal epidermal cells in vivo and in vitro at a restricted and low dose level. Repeated treatments with the large dose was followed by a 30-40% reduction in the number of 308 cells per well, starting as early as day 1. The number of RT10 cells was reduced about 20% only at termination of the experiment on day 14. In contrast to this, the number of unattached cornified envelopes on day 10 in the RT10 cells was increased by 85%, while the number of cornified, unattached 308 cells was similar to that in the controls. The effects of the pentapeptide thus seem to affect differentiation stronger than proliferation in the nontransformed cell line. Bivariate BrdUrd/DNA flow cytometry analysis on day 10 indicated that the reduced number of 308 cells was mainly due to a slower rate of cell proliferation and not to a increased sloughing off of keratinized cells. This analysis also demonstrated that an inhibition of DNA synthesis in the RT10 cells could be detected prior to a reduction of the cell number per well.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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