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Nat Rev Neurosci. 2006 Jul;7(7):523-34.

Decoding mental states from brain activity in humans.

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Max Planck Institute for Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.


Recent advances in human neuroimaging have shown that it is possible to accurately decode a person's conscious experience based only on non-invasive measurements of their brain activity. Such 'brain reading' has mostly been studied in the domain of visual perception, where it helps reveal the way in which individual experiences are encoded in the human brain. The same approach can also be extended to other types of mental state, such as covert attitudes and lie detection. Such applications raise important ethical issues concerning the privacy of personal thought.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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