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Urologe A. 2006 Jun;45(6):742-8.

[The development of urine diagnostics and its visualisation in "frames"].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Institut für Geschichte der Medizin, Heinrich-Heine Universität, Universitätsstrasse 1, 40225, Düsseldorf. michael-martin@uni-duesseldorf.de

Abstract

The development of urine diagnostics has been well examined historiographically. However, its importance for science studies has not yet been stressed enough. As a diagnostic tool, that survived many centuries, it underwent several changes. Therefore, its use for science studies is exemplarily displayed in this paper. An attempt is made by the authors to combine questions of the history of science with methods from the cognitive sciences. The reader is introduced into an interdisciplinary approach aiming at the visualisation of scientific shifts to make a deeper analyse of such shifts possible. Lawrence Barsalou proposed a dynamic frame model to represent cognitive structures. This model is used to reconstruct scientific revolutions (in the sense of Thomas Kuhn) as well as barely noticeable shifts (in the sense of Ludwik Fleck's shifting thought styles). The value of this approach for the history of medicine in general and the history of uroscopy in special is discussed.

PMID:
16788791
DOI:
10.1007/s00120-006-1062-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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