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Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006 Oct;256(7):414-21. Epub 2006 Jun 20.

Gender- and violence-related prevalence of mental disorders in prisoners.

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1
Halle-Wittenberg Klinik und Poliklinik Fü Psychiatrie, Martin-Luther-Universität, Julius-Kühn-Str. 7, 06097, Halle/Saale, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To clarify the prevalence of mental diseases including personality disorders in a sample of German prisoners regarding delinquency and gender specificity.

METHOD:

Crime history, present state and lifetime mental disorders, as well as personality disorders, were assessed amongst 415 inmates and compared regarding gender and type of delinquency.

RESULTS:

Female offenders more often committed homicide while male offenders more frequently committed assault and robbery. Men had a higher prevalence of alcohol abuse and dissocial PD while women more often showed depression, anxiety disorders and Borderline PD. Violent offences were related to a higher prevalence of alcohol abuse and dissocial PD, as well as higher comorbidities of mental disorders.

CONCLUSION:

Results emphasize the complexity of the needs and requirements of imprisoned offenders. Our findings reveal an urgent need for psychiatric-psychotherapeutic services to provide suitable care to inmates in order to contribute to a more favorable legal prognosis.

PMID:
16788769
DOI:
10.1007/s00406-006-0656-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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