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Int J Colorectal Dis. 2007 Apr;22(4):367-72. Epub 2006 Jun 20.

Laparoscopic anterior resection and total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer: a prospective nonrandomized study.

Author information

1
Gem Hospital, 45 A, Pankaja Mill Road, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu 641045, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study was to present our experience of laparoscopic total mesorectal resection, including ultralow resection and coloanal anastomosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Between 1993 and 2005, patients fit for general anesthesia, with resectable cancers, and with lower edge of tumor beyond 5 cm of the anal verge were subjected to laparoscopic anterior resection with sphincter preservation. Double stapling technique is used to establish bowel continuity.

RESULTS:

A total of 170 patients, 88 males and 82 females, were subjected to successful laparoscopic anterior resection, which included high anterior resection (n=90), low anterior resection (n=52), ultralow anterior resection (n=20), and coloanal anastomosis (n=8). The average age of patients was 58.4 years (12-90 years). Mean operating time was 130 min and mean hospital stay was 7 days. The morbidity was 13.5% with nil mortality. With an average follow-up of 49 months (range 9 years to 3 months), 9 patients developed local recurrence and 45 patients developed distant metastasis.

CONCLUSION:

In selected cases, laparoscopic anterior resection is possible for all levels of rectal tumors, allowing sphincter preservation and maintaining oncological safety.

PMID:
16786316
DOI:
10.1007/s00384-006-0165-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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