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Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2006 Jul;12(7):712-8.

Fludarabine-based reduced intensity conditioning for stem cell transplantation of Fanconi anemia patients from fully matched related and unrelated donors.

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Department of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cancer Immunotherapy, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.


Reduced intensity conditioning has been suggested as a desirable therapeutic modality for the treatment of patients with malignant and nonmalignant indications, but it seems particularly attractive for patients with Fanconi anemia due to their increased sensitivity to chemoradiotherapy. Between November 1996 and September 2003, 7 patients (1 male and 6 female; age range, 3-31 years; median age, 9.5) were conditioned with a fludarabine-based protocol for stem cell transplantation without radiation. In vivo T-cell depletion was accomplished with anti-thymocytic globulin or Campath-1H (alemtuzumab). Graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis consisted of low-dose cyclosporine alone. Eight transplantations were carried out for 7 patients using bone marrow, peripheral blood, and/or cord blood as sources of stem cells. All patients received transplants from HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DR matched donors, 5 from family members and 2 from matched unrelated donors. One patient did not engraft her first matched unrelated donor and underwent a second transplantation from another matched unrelated donor, after which she engrafted well. All 7 patients are alive and well, fully reconstituted with donor cells, and with 100% performance status. In conclusion, fludarabine-based preparative protocols are well tolerated, facilitate rapid engraftment with minimal toxicity, and should be considered an essential component of choice for patients with Fanconi anemia.

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