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Psychol Addict Behav. 2006 Jun;20(2):207-13.

Family and peer interventions for adults: past approaches and future directions.

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Addictive Behaviors Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195-1525, USA.


Through the use of published literature and empirical research, the authors explore the differing conceptual frameworks, techniques, and effectiveness of various family interventions for change-resistant, substance-abusing adults. The 2 dominant programs in place to help families and friends deal with the addiction of an adult loved one are the Johnson Intervention and Al-Anon. Research on these 2 programs is presented, followed by an outline of promising alternative approaches. These include A Relational Intervention Sequence for Engagement, Community Reinforcement Training, Community Reinforcement and Family Training, Unilateral Family Therapy, and Pressures to Change. The effectiveness and appropriateness of these approaches in different situations are discussed. In addition, areas in need of further study are pointed out.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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