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FEBS Lett. 2006 May 22;580(12):455-63.

PREL1 provides a link from Ras signalling to the actin cytoskeleton via Ena/VASP proteins.

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Department of Cell Biology, German Research Centre for Biotechnology (GBF), Braunschweig, Germany.


Ena/VASP family proteins are important modulators of cell migration and localize to focal adhesions, stress fibres and the very tips of lamellipodia and filopodia. Proline-rich proteins like vinculin and zyxin are well established interaction partners, which mediate Ena/VASP-recruitment via their EVH1-domains to focal adhesions and stress fibres. However, it is still unclear, which binding partners Ena/VASP proteins may have at lamellipodia tips and how their recruitment to these cellular protrusions is regulated. Here, we report the identification of a novel protein with high similarity to the C. elegans MIG-10 protein, which we termed PREL1 (Proline Rich EVH1 Ligand). PREL1 is a 74 kDa protein and shares homology with the Grb7-family of signalling adaptors. We show that PREL1 directly binds to Ena/VASP proteins and co-localizes with them at lamellipodia tips and at focal adhesions in response to Ras activation. Moreover, PREL1 directly binds to activated Ras in a phosphoinositide-dependent manner. Thus, our data pinpoint PREL1 as the first direct link between Ras signalling and cytoskeletal remodelling via Ena/VASP proteins during cell migration and spreading.

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