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J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2006 Jul;23(7):1586-97.

Variant and invariant color perception in the near peripheral retina.

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Vision Science Center, Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, M13 9WH, UK.


Perceived shifts in hue that occur with increasing retinal eccentricity were measured by using an asymmetric color matching paradigm for a range of chromatic stimuli. Across nine observers a consistent pattern of hue shift was found; certain hues underwent large perceived shifts in appearance with increasing eccentricity, while for others little or no perceived shift was measured. In separate color naming experiments, red, blue, and yellow unique hues were found to be correlated with those hues that exhibited little or no perceptual shift with retinal eccentricity. Unique green, however, did not exhibit such a strong correlation. Hues that exhibited the largest perceptual shifts in the peripheral retina were found to correlate with intermediate hues that were equally likely to be identified by adjacent color naming mechanisms. However, once again the correlation was found to be weakest for the green mechanism. These data raise the possibility that perceptually unique hues are linked to color signals that represent the most reliable (minimally variant) chromatic information coming from the retina.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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