Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Carcinogenesis. 2006 Nov;27(11):2141-7. Epub 2006 Jun 15.

MEF immortalization to investigate the ins and outs of mutagenesis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Toxicology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280 D69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

The importance of tumor suppressor/oncogene mutations in tumor development is clear, but the causes of the DNA sequence changes in human cancers are not. Although elegant experiments with transgenic mice harboring lacZ or cII target sequences show that exposure to mutagenic human carcinogens can cause base substitutions in vivo, it does not follow from this that the mutations found in human cancers have to be the direct result of damage by external mutagens. They could be due to endogenously generated reactive oxygen species, or polymerase infidelity, for example. Specific patterns of mutations in the defined sequence of a test system set up to address this question can provide information on the molecular events leading to DNA sequence changes in humans if the experimentally induced mutations and patient tumor mutations are compared in the same gene. Fortuitously, inactivating point mutations in the p53 gene are driving events in the immortalization of murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) in vitro. This discovery offers a natural biological strategy for selecting p53 mutants. Immortalized cell lines arising from primary MEFs harboring human p53 sequences (Hupki, human p53 knock-in) have p53 mutations that match p53 mutations in human tumors.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk