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Tissue distribution profiles of the human TRPM cation channel family.

Author information

1
Neurology and GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline Research and Development Limited, Harlow, UK.

Abstract

Eight members of the TRP-melastatin (TRPM) subfamily have been identified, whose physiological functions and distribution are poorly characterized. Although tissue expression and distribution patterns have been reported for individual TRPM channels, comparisons between individual studies are not possible because of variations in analysis techniques and tissue selection. We report here a comparative analysis of the expression patterns of all of the human TRPM channels in selected peripheral tissues and the central nervous system (CNS) using two distinct but complimentary approaches: TaqMan and SYBR Green real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). These techniques generated comparative distribution profiles and demonstrated tissue-specific co-expression of TRPM mRNA species, indicating significant potential for the formation of heteromeric channels. TRPM channels 2, 4, 5, 6, and 7 in contrast to 1, 3, and 8 are widely distributed in the CNS and periphery. The tissues demonstrating highest expression for individual family members were brain (TRPM1), brain and bone marrow (TRPM2), brain and pituitary (TRPM3), intestine and prostate (TRPM4), intestine, pancreas, and prostate (TRPM5), intestine and brain (TRPM6), heart, pituitary, bone, and adipose tissue (TRPM7), and prostate and liver (TRPM8). The data reported here will guide the elucidation of TRPM channel physiological functions.

PMID:
16777713
DOI:
10.1080/10799890600637506
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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