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AIDS Care. 2006 Jul;18(5):441-5.

DSM psychiatric disorders in the context of pediatric HIV/AIDS.

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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201-1997, USA.


In HIV-infected adults, psychiatric disorders result in poor quality of life, HIV disease progression, poor compliance and increased mortality. The same may be true for children and adolescents challenged with HIV/AIDS. The literature regarding the prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM) psychiatric disorders in pediatric patients with HIV/AIDS was reviewed. Of over 500 papers reviewed only eight attempted to quantify prevalence in some way. Average prevalences of 28.6% for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, 24.3% for anxiety disorders and 25% for depression were found with respective risk ratios of 6.0, 3.8 and 7.1. However, sample sizes were small and only two of the eight studies were controlled. Surprisingly little has been done to describe and quantify what mental-health problems these HIV-positive children and adolescents face.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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