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Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2006 Jul;187(3):399-406.

Effect of endurance training on muscle microvascular filtration capacity and vascular bed morphometry in the elderly.

Author information

1
Research Unit for Physiology and Physiopathology of Exercise and Handicap, University Jean Monnet, H├┤pital Nord, 42055 Saint Etienne Cedex 2, France. marc.charles@univ-st-etienne.fr

Abstract

AIM:

Exercise training is a strong stimulus for vascular remodelling and could restore age-induced vascular alterations. The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that an increase in vascular bed filtration capacity would corroborate microvascular adaptation with training.

METHODS:

We quantified (1) microvascularization from vastus lateralis muscle biopsy to measure the capillary to fibre interface (LC/PF) and (2) the microvascular filtration capacity (K(f)) in lower limbs through a venous congestion plethysmography procedure. Twelve healthy older subjects (74 +/- 4 years) were submitted to a 14-week training programme during which lower-limbs were trained for endurance exercise.

RESULTS:

The training programme induced a significant increase in the aerobic exercise capacity of lower limbs (+11% V(O2peak); P < 0.05; +28% Citrate Synthase Activity; P < 0.01). K(f) was largely increased (4.3 +/- 0.9 10(-3) mL min(-1) mmHg(-1) 100 mL(-1) post-training vs. 2.4 +/- 0.8 pre-training, mean +/- SD; P < 0.05) and microvascularization developed as shown by the rise in LC/PF (0.29 +/- 0.06 post- vs. 0.23 +/- 0.06 pre-training; P < 0.05). Furthermore, K(f) and LC/PF were correlated (r = 0.65, P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

These results demonstrated the microvascular adaptation to endurance training in the elderly. The increase in K(f) with endurance training was probably related to a greater surface of exchange with an increased microvessel/fibre interface area. We conclude that measurement of the microvascular filtration rate reflects the change in the muscle exchange area and is influenced by exercise training.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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