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J Hosp Infect. 1991 Apr;17(4):271-8.

Selective decontamination of the gastrointestinal tract as an infection control measure.

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Department of Microbiology, Withington Hospital, Manchester.


An outbreak caused by a Klebsiella aerogenes resistant to ceftazidime, cefuroxime, cefotaxime, ampicillin and piperacillin and sensitive to aminoglycosides, imipenem and temocillin occurred in a teaching hospital's busy multi-disciplinary Intensive Care Unit over a 3-month period. Four patients had bacteraemia and a further four were colonized. Traditional infection control measures failed to eradicate the outbreak. The introduction of a selective gastrointestinal decontamination regimen consisting of tobramycin, amphotericin and colistin as a gel to the oropharynx, nose and rectum and a suspension via a nasogastric tube resulted in rapid disappearance of the outbreak strain with no new isolates being detected clinically or in surveillance specimens over an 8-week period.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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