Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Pathol. 2007 Apr;60(4):392-6. Epub 2006 Jun 14.

Nasal polyposis in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: a distinct histopathological and molecular genetic entity.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant hamartomatous polyposis syndrome of the gastrointestinal tract, caused by a germline STK11/LKB1 mutation. Nasal polyposis was described in the original report by Peutz. Recently, a molecular-genetic association between nasal polyposis and PJS has been reported.

OBJECTIVE:

To further explore the occurrence and pathogenesis of PJS-related nasal polyposis.

METHODS:

51 patients with PJS, 84 unaffected family members and 36 spouses from 18 families with PJS were questioned for the presence of nasal polyposis. 12 PJS-related nasal polyps, 1 carcinoma of the nasal cavity and 28 sporadic nasal polyps were analysed for loss of (wild type) STK11/LKB1, eosinophilia, squamous metaplasia, dysplasia and expression of cyclo-oxygenase 2 and p53.

RESULTS:

Nasal polyps occurred in 8 of 51 patients with PJS, and were not reported by non-affected family members (p<0.001). Germline STK11/LKB1 mutations were identified in all patients with PJS and nasal polyposis. Loss of heterozygosity was found in four of eight PJS-related nasal polyps, but not in sporadic nasal polyps (p = 0.002). PJS-related nasal polyps showed less eosinophilia than sporadic nasal polyps (p<0.001). Expression of cyclo-oxygenase 2 was found in 11 of 12 PJS-related nasal polyps and 19 of 28 sporadic nasal polyps (p>0.05). Overexpression of p53 was not found.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nasal polyposis occurs in a significant number of Dutch patients with PJS, one of whom developed a carcinoma in the nasal cavity. The loss of heterozygosity, and the absence of eosinophilia suggest a distinct pathogenesis compared with sporadic nasal polyposis.

PMID:
16775120
PMCID:
PMC2001113
DOI:
10.1136/jcp.2005.036418
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center