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Theor Appl Genet. 2006 Aug;113(4):619-29. Epub 2006 Jun 13.

Fine mapping of a quantitative trait locus for grain number per panicle from wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.).

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Department of Plant Genetic and Breeding and State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, People's Republic of China.


SIL040, an introgression line (IL) developed by introgressing chromosomal segments from an accession of Oryza rufipogon into an indica cultivar Guichao 2, showed significantly less grains per panicle than the recurrent parent Guichao 2. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis in F2 and F3 generations derived from the cross between SIL040 and Guichao 2 revealed that gpa7, a QTL located on the short arm of chromosome 7, was responsible of this variation. Alleles from O. rufipogon decreased grains per panicle. To fine mapping of gpa7, a high-resolution map with 1,966 F2 plants derived from the cross between SIL040 and Guichao 2 using markers flanking gpa7 was constructed, and detailed quantitative evaluation of the structure of main panicle of each of F3 families derived from recombinants screened was performed. By two-step substitution mapping, gpa7 was finally narrowed down to a 35-kb region that contains five predicted genes in cultivated rice. The fact that QTLs for five panicle traits (length of panicle, primary branches per panicle, secondary branches per panicle, grains on primary branches and grains on secondary branches) were all mapped in the same interval as that for gpa7 suggested that this locus was associated with panicle structure, showing pleiotropic effects. The characterizing of panicle structure of IL SIL040 further revealed that, during the domestication from common wild allele to cultivated rice one at gpa7, not only the number of branches and grains per panicle increased significantly, more importantly, but also the ratio of secondary branches per panicle to total branches per panicle and the ratio of grains on secondary branches per panicle to total grains per panicle increased significantly. All these results reinforced the idea that gpa7 might play an important role in the regulation of grain number per panicle and the ratio of secondary branches per panicle during the domestication of rice panicle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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