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Br J Pharmacol. 2006 Jul;148(6):853-9. Epub 2006 Jun 12.

NO-independent activation of soluble guanylate cyclase prevents disease progression in rats with 5/6 nephrectomy.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Center for Cardiovascular Research, Charité, Campus Mitte, Hessische Str. 3-4, Berlin D-10115, Germany.


1. Chronic renal disease is associated with oxidative stress, reduced nitric oxide (NO) availability and soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) dysfunction. Recently, we discovered BAY 58-2667, a compound activating heme-deficient or oxidized sGC in a NO-independent manner. 2. We assessed potential of BAY 58-2667 in preventing cardiac and renal target organ damage in rats with 5/6 nephrectomy. 3. Male Wistar rats were allocated to three groups: 5/6 nephrectomy, 5/6 nephrectomy treated with BAY 58-2667 and sham operation. Study period was 18 weeks: blood pressure and creatinine clearance were assessed repeatedly. At study end blood samples were taken and hearts and kidneys harvested for histological studies. 4. BAY 58-2667 markedly lowered blood pressure in animals with 5/6 nephrectomy (untreated versus treated animals: 189+/-14 versus 146+/-11 mmHg, P<0.001). Left ventricular weight, cardiac myocyte diameter as well as cardiac arterial wall thickness significantly decreased in comparison to untreated animals with 5/6 nephrectomy. Natriuretic peptide plasma levels were also improved by BAY 58-2667. Kidney function and morphology as assessed by creatinine clearance, glomerulosclerosis, interstitial and perivascular fibrosis of intrarenal arteries were likewise significantly improved by BAY 58-2667. 5. This is the first study showing that BAY 58-2667 effectively lowers blood pressure, reduces left ventricular hypertrophy and slows renal disease progression in rats with 5/6 nephrectomy by targeting mainly oxidized sGC. Therefore, BAY 58-2667 represents a novel pharmacological principle with potential clinical value in treatment of chronic renal disease.

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