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Biol Neonate. 2006;89(4):284-97. Epub 2006 Jun 1.

Lung disease and brain development.

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Child Development Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.


With the technical progress made in fetal and neonatal intensive care, perinatal mortality has decreased by 25% over the last decade and has expanded the surviving premature population. Prematurity drastically changes the environment of the developing organism. Striking evidence from a number of disciplines has focused attention on the interplay between the developing organism and the circumstances in which it finds itself. The environmental event during a sensitive period in development, induces injury and/or biological adaptations that lead to altered differentiation of tissues. The organism can express specific adaptive responses to its environment which include short-term changes in physiology as well as long-term adjustments. This review addresses these short-term as well as longer-term changes occurring in lung and brain tissue and illustrates how these changes can be studied using advanced imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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