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Arch Ophthalmol. 2006 Jun;124(6):885-6.

Frequency of retinal cavernomas in 60 patients with familial cerebral cavernomas: a clinical and genetic study.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Montpellier-Nîmes, Montpellier, France. labauge@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To define the frequency of retinal lesions in a large panel of patients with familial cerebral cavernomas and to screen the cerebral cavernous malformation genes in patients with cerebral and retinal lesions.

METHODS:

Fundus examination was proposed to each of the index patients of 70 families with cerebral cavernous malformation who have been included in a prospective clinical and neuroradiological follow-up. All of the coding exons of the KRIT1, MGC4607, and PDCD10 genes were screened as previously described.

RESULTS:

Of the 70 index patients, 60 were consecutively examined. The 10 remaining patients refused the fundus examination. Three of the 60 examined patients had a retinal cavernoma diagnosis. Three mutations were found: a point mutation within exon 5 of the KRIT1 gene, a large deletion that encompassed exons 1 and 2 of the MGC4607 gene, and a large genomic de novo deletion encompassing the whole PDCD10 gene.

CONCLUSIONS:

Retinal cavernoma frequency can be estimated to be about 5% of the patients with familial cerebral cavernomas. Retinal cavernomas are not restricted to KRIT1 mutation carriers but can be observed in patients carrying a mutation in any of the 3 cerebral cavernous malformation genes.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Five percent of patients with familial cerebral cavernomas have retinal cavernomas. These lesions are clinically asymptomatic. They can be associated with any of the 3 cerebral cavernous malformation genes.

PMID:
16769843
DOI:
10.1001/archopht.124.6.885
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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