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J Biotechnol. 2006 Nov 10;126(3):304-12.

Subunit composition of a large xylanolytic complex (xylanosome) from Streptomyces olivaceoviridis E-86.

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Department of Biotechnology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.


A xylanolytic complex (xylanosome) was isolated from Streptomyces olivaceoviridis E-86 grown on corncob xylan. The isolated xylanosome exhibited a high molecular mass of approximately 3.8 x 10(7) Da (weight average) using size exclusion chromatography/multi-angle laser light scattering (SEC/MALLS), and was composed of at least 8 subunits with a mass range from 12 to 60 kDa. When a SDS-polyacrylamide gel zymogram was examined, the subunits of 47, 35, 32, and 23 kDa were found to have xylanase activity, while the 30-kDa subunit had CMCase activity. According to N-terminal sequence analyses, the 47- and 23-kDa subunits were found to be identical to the two reported xylanases, namely FXYN and GXYN, of S. olivaceoviridis E-86. Both the 35- and 32-kDa subunits were found to be truncated forms of the intact FXYN xylanase that possibly resulted from the degradation by proteases. The 15-kDa subunit consisted solely the xylan-binding domain of the FXYN xylanase. The purified xylanosome appeared to bind partially to xylan and poorly to Avicel.

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