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Drug Metab Dispos. 1991 Mar-Apr;19(2):317-24.

Plasma pharmacokinetics and metabolism of 13-cis- and all-trans-retinoic acid in the cynomolgus monkey and the identification of 13-cis- and all-trans-retinoyl-beta-glucuronides. A comparison to one human case study with isotretinoin.

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Institute of Toxicology and Embryopharmacology, Free University Berlin, F.R.G.

Erratum in

  • Drug Metab Dispos Biol Fate Chem 1991 Jul-Aug;19(4):846.


In order to compare the disposition and metabolism of 13-cis-retinoic acid (13-cis-RA) and all-trans-retinoic acid (all-trans-RA) in the nonpregnant female cynomolgus monkey, the plasma concentrations of the parent compound, the oxidized metabolites 4-oxo-13-cis-retinoic acid and 4-oxo-all-trans-retinoic acid, and the conjugate metabolites 13-cis-retinoyl-beta-glucuronide (13-cis-RAG) and all trans-retinoyl-beta-glucuronide (all-trans-RAG), were determined on day 1 and day 10 after oral dosing of 2 and 10 mg 13-cis- and all-trans-RA/kg/day. Both 13-cis-RAG and all-trans-RAG have been identified as major plasma metabolites in these studies using thermospray/HPLC/mass-spectrometry of the intact conjugates. AUC comparisons from 0-24 hr after administration indicated that 13-cis-RA treatment resulted in primarily cis metabolites and all-trans-RA treatment resulted in primarily trans metabolites, although low levels of isomerization products were observed. Comparison of the two doses (2 and 10 mg/kg, po) revealed that the AUCs were proportional to the dose administered. Although qualitatively similar, elimination of 13-cis-RA in the monkey was more rapid than in the human, and approximately a 10-fold greater dose of 13-cis-RA was required in the monkey to produce the AUC values comparable to the human. The elimination of all-trans-RA in monkey was faster than that of 13-cis-RA and tended to increase with repeated dosing.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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