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Am J Cardiol. 2006 Jun 15;97(12):1778-84. Epub 2006 Apr 27.

Cardiovascular safety update of Tadalafil: retrospective analysis of data from placebo-controlled and open-label clinical trials of Tadalafil with as needed, three times-per-week or once-a-day dosing.

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The Heart Institute, Good Samaritan Hospital, Cardiovascular Division, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.


Because most men with erectile dysfunction have underlying vascular disease, it is important to update the cardiovascular safety profile of medications used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. This retrospective analysis evaluated serious cardiovascular treatment-emergent adverse events (CVTEAEs) reported in 36 clinical trials of tadalafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. A serious CVTEAE was defined as myocardial infarction, cardiovascular death, or cerebrovascular death. In the 36 trials, 12,487 men (mean age 55 years) with erectile dysfunction received tadalafil, with 5,771 patient-years (PYs) of exposure, and 2,047 men (mean age 56 years) received placebo, with 460 PYs of exposure. Tadalafil 2 to 50 mg was taken as needed, 3 times/week, or once a day. Co-morbidities at baseline included hypertension (31%), diabetes (21%), hyperlipidemia (17%), and coronary artery disease (5%). Across all trials, the incidence rate of serious CVTEAEs was 0.40/100 PYs in tadalafil-treated patients and 0.43/100 PYs in placebo-treated patients. In patients taking tadalafil as needed, 3 times/week, or once a day, the incidence rates of serious CVTEAEs ranged from 0.17 to 0.54/100 PYs across placebo-controlled and open-label trials. In conclusion, the incidence rates of serious CVTEAEs were comparable among men with erectile dysfunction taking tadalafil as needed, 3 times/week, or once a day, and these rates were also comparable with those in placebo-treated patients. In this clinical trial population of men with erectile dysfunction, tadalafil was not associated with an increased risk for serious cardiovascular adverse events.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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