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Genomics. 2006 Oct;88(4):504-12. Epub 2006 Jun 9.

Evolutionary breakpoints through a high-resolution comparative map between porcine chromosomes 2 and 16 and human chromosomes.

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Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Laboratoire de Génétique Cellulaire, BP52627, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France.


This study reports a high-resolution comparative map between human chromosomes and porcine chromosomes 2 (SSC2) and 16 (SSC16), pointing out new homologies and evolutionary breakpoints. SSC2 is of particular interest because of the presence of several important QTLs. Among 226 porcine ESTs selected according to their expected localization, 151 were RH mapped and ordered on SSC2. This study confirmed the extensive conservation between SSC2 and HSA11 and HSA19 and refined the homology with HSA5 (three blocks defined). Furthermore the SSC2q pericentromeric region was shown to be homologous to another human chromosome (HSA1). A complex organization of these syntenies was demonstrated on SSC2q. Our strategy led us to improve also the SSC16 RH map by adding 45 markers. Two-color fluorescence in situ hybridization of markers representative of each synteny confirmed block order. Finally, 29 breakpoints were identified in both species, and porcine BACs containing two breakpoints were isolated.

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