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Stem Cells. 2006 Sep;24(9):2140-9. Epub 2006 Jun 8.

In vivo bone formation by human bone marrow stromal cells: reconstruction of the mouse calvarium and mandible.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Box 0807, 94143-0807, USA. mmankani@sfghsurg.ucsf.edu

Abstract

Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) contain a subset of multipotent cells with the potential to repair hard-tissue defects. Mouse BMSCs, combined with a collagen carrier, can close critical-sized homologous mouse calvarial defects, but this new bone has a poor union with the adjacent calvarium. When human BMSCs are transplanted for the purpose of engineering new bone, best results can be achieved if the cells are combined with hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate (HA/TCP) particles. Here, we demonstrate that transplantation of cultured human BMSCs in conjunction with HA/TCP particles can be used successfully to close mouse craniofacial bone defects and that removal of the periosteum from the calvarium significantly enhances union with the transplant. Transplants were followed for up to 96 weeks and were found to change in morphology but not bone content after 8 weeks; this constitutes the first description of human BMSCs placed long-term to heal bone defects. New bone formation continued to occur in the oldest transplants, confirmed by tetracycline labeling. Additionally, the elastic modulus of this engineered bone resembled that of the normal mouse calvarium, and our use of atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based nanoindentation offered us the first opportunity to compare these small transplants against equally minute mouse bones. Our results provide insights into the long-term behavior of newly engineered orthotopic bone from human cells and have powerful implications for therapeutic human BMSC transplantation.

PMID:
16763200
DOI:
10.1634/stemcells.2005-0567
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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