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Eur J Cell Biol. 2006 Aug;85(8):769-83. Epub 2006 Jun 8.

DCC regulates cell adhesion in human colon cancer derived HT-29 cells and associates with ezrin.

Author information

1
Unitat de Biologia Cel.lular i Molecular, Institut Municipal d'Investigació Mèdica, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain. merce.martin@inserm.u-strasbg.fr

Abstract

The deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC) gene encodes a 170- to 190-kDa protein of the Immunoglobulin superfamily. Firstly identified as a tumor suppressor gene in human colorectal carcinomas, the main function for DCC has been described in the nervous system as part of a receptor complex for netrin-1. Moreover, roles in mucosecretory cell differentiation and as inducer of apoptosis have also been reported. DCC knockout mice supported a crucial role for this gene in axonal migration, yet questioned its implication in tumor suppression and mucosecretory differentiation. The work presented here demonstrates that a DCC-transfected HT-29 colonic human cell line (HT-29/DCC) displays an increase in cell-cell adhesion to the detriment of cell-matrix interactions: HT-29/DCC cells exhibit more and better-structured desmosomes while focal adhesions and hemidesmosomes are disrupted. HT-29/DCC cells show no changes in adherent junctions but upon treatment with TPA, HT-29/DCC cells show resistance to scattering, and maintain E-cadherin in the membrane. In addition, the actin cytoskeleton is affected in HT-29/DCC cells: stress fibers are disrupted while cortical actin remains intact. We identified a putative ERM-M (ezrin/radixin/moesin and merlin) binding domain in the juxtamembrane region of the DCC protein. In vitro pull-down assays demonstrate the interaction of the DCC cytoplasmic domain with the N-terminal region of ezrin and merlin, and co-immunoprecipitation assays in transiently DCC-transfected COS-1 cells showed that the interaction between DCC and ezrin also takes place in vivo. Altogether, our results suggest that DCC could regulate cell adhesion and migration through its association with ERM-M proteins.

PMID:
16762451
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejcb.2006.02.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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