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Dev Comp Immunol. 2007;31(1):87-102. Epub 2006 May 2.

Molecular cloning of bovine chemokine receptors and expression by WC1+ gammadelta T cells.

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Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA.


Chemokine receptors mediate leukocyte migration into secondary lymphoid tissues and localization to peripheral inflammation sites. We describe full-length cDNA sequences of bovine chemokine receptors CCR5, CCR7, CXCR3 and CXCR5 and transcript expression by WC1(+)gammadelta T cells, a unique cell population with proinflammatory characteristics that comprises a large proportion of mononuclear cells in young ruminants. Bovine chemokine sequences were more similar to those of humans than were murine sequences to humans', ranging from 84% to 91%. Transcript analysis showed that antigen stimulation of WC1(+)gammadelta T cells induced IFN-gamma production and substantially increased CCR5 and CXCR3 expression when compared with freshly isolated (ex vivo) cells. CCR7 transcripts were minimally expressed in ex vivo and proliferating WC1(+)gammadelta T cells and CXCR5 expression was negligible. These results confirm the proinflammatory nature of WC1(+)gammadelta T cells is reflected by its chemokine receptor expression and suggest WC1(+)gammadelta T cells are unlikely to transit through secondary lymphoid tissues.

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