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J Oral Pathol Med. 2006 Jul;35(6):369-75.

Immunohistological evaluation of Ki-67, p63, CK19 and p53 expression in oral epithelial dysplasias.

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Department of Maxillofacial Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, Field of Oral and Maxillofacial Rehabilitation, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Sakuragaoka 8-35-1, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan.



Oral squamous cell carcinoma develops through a multistep of genetic mutations, and the process can be morphologically recognized as oral epithelial dysplasia. To evaluate the hypothesis that distributional alterations of proliferating and stem cells may be a useful index to estimate the grading and development of epithelial dysplasia, we examined the distribution patterns according to stratified cell layers.


Sixty-two oral dysplasia cases according to the histological grades were immunohistologically examined and the nuclear expression of Ki-67 and p63 antigens was counted according to epithelial layers as labeling index.


The Ki-67 labeling index in the basal and suprabasal layers and that of p63 in the basal layer showed a significant difference between low- and high-grade groups of epithelial dysplasia.


The architectural alteration of proliferating cell and stem cell distribution in the layers of epithelial dysplasias may provide useful information to evaluate the grading of oral epithelial dysplasias.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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