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J Biol Chem. 2006 Aug 11;281(32):22865-74. Epub 2006 Jun 7.

Iron regulation and the cell cycle: identification of an iron-responsive element in the 3'-untranslated region of human cell division cycle 14A mRNA by a refined microarray-based screening strategy.

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European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.


Iron regulatory proteins (IRPs) 1 and 2 post-transcriptionally control mammalian iron homeostasis by binding to iron-responsive elements (IREs), conserved RNA stem-loop structures located in the 5'- or 3'-untranslated regions of genes involved in iron metabolism (e.g. FTH1, FTL, and TFRC). To identify novel IRE-containing mRNAs, we integrated biochemical, biocomputational, and microarray-based experimental approaches. IRP/IRE messenger ribonucleoproteins were immunoselected, and their mRNA composition was analyzed using an IronChip microarray enriched for genes predicted computationally to contain IRE-like motifs. Among different candidates, this report focuses on a novel IRE located in the 3'-untranslated region of the cell division cycle 14A mRNA. We show that this IRE motif efficiently binds both IRP1 and IRP2. Differential splicing of cell division cycle 14A produces IRE- and non-IRE-containing mRNA isoforms. Interestingly, only the expression of the IRE-containing mRNA isoforms is selectively increased by cellular iron deficiency. This work describes a new experimental strategy to explore the IRE/IRP regulatory network and uncovers a previously unrecognized regulatory link between iron metabolism and the cell cycle.

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