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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2006 Jun;37(12):1129-34.

Long-term follow-up of myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation using Campath "in the bag" as T-cell depletion: the Leiden experience.

Author information

1
Department of Hematology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands. barge.hematology@lumc.nl

Abstract

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) but can be prevented by removing T-lymphocytes from the graft. Campath (anti-CD52) antibodies have been widely used in vivo for T-cell depletion following conventional and reduced intensity conditioning regimens. The use of Campath in vivo was associated with a significant reduction in GVHD but at the cost of impaired immune reconstitution. We evaluated the long-term outcome of 73 myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplants with HLA-identical sibling donors using Campath "in the bag" as method of in vitro T-cell depletion. All patients engrafted and hematopoietic recovery was uneventful, resulting in a median of 99% donor chimerism at 3 months after alloSCT. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation occurred in 53% of the patients. No CMV disease was observed probably as a result of pre-emptive (val)ganciclovir treatment. The incidence of aGVHD was low (22% grade II). No grades III-IV aGVHD was observed and extensive chronic GVHD (cGVHD) occurred in 19% of the patients. The low incidence of GVHD and successful pre-emptive antiviral therapy resulted in low TRM of 8%. Sixteen patients died due to disease relapse after alloSCT, resulting in an overall survival of 48% at 5-years after alloSCT.

PMID:
16757974
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bmt.1705385
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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