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Phys Med Biol. 2006 Jun 21;51(12):3189-210. Epub 2006 Jun 6.

A shift-invariant filtered backprojection (FBP) cone-beam reconstruction algorithm for the source trajectory of two concentric circles using an equal weighting scheme.

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Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53704, USA.


In this paper, a shift-invariant filtered backprojection cone-beam image reconstruction algorithm is derived, based upon Katsevich's general inversion scheme, and validated for the source trajectory of two concentric circles. The source trajectory is complete according to Tuy's data sufficiency condition and is used as the basis for an exact image reconstruction algorithm. The algorithm proceeds according to the following steps. First, differentiate the cone-beam projection data with respect to the detector coordinates and with respect to the source trajectory parameter. The data are then separately filtered along three different orientations in the detector plane with a shift-invariant Hilbert kernel. Eight different filtration groups are obtained via linear combinations of weighted filtered data. Voxel-based backprojection is then carried out from eight sets of view angles, where separate filtered data are backprojected from each set according to the backprojection sets' associated filtration group. The algorithm is first derived for a scanning configuration consisting of two concentric and orthogonal circles. By performing an affine transformation on the image object, the developed image reconstruction algorithm has been generalized to the case where the two concentric circles are not orthogonal. Numerical simulations are presented to validate the reconstruction algorithm and demonstrate the dose advantage of the equal weighting scheme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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