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J Transcult Nurs. 2006 Jul;17(3):280-9.

The effect of HIV/AIDS disease progression on spirituality and self-transcendence in a multicultural population.

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Los Angeles County & University of Southern California Healthcare Network, USA.


This study examined the relationship of sociodemographic and clinical factors with spirituality and self-transcendence in people with HIV/AIDS. It involved 420 HIV/AIDS patients from an HIV clinic who were predominantly Hispanic (79%) and male (82%), with a mean age of 39 years. Subjects completed spirituality, self-transcendence, health status, and depression scales. Medical charts were reviewed to obtain demographics, current therapies, depression diagnosis, CD4 cells (sometimes called T-cells), and viral load levels. Self-transcendence was related to levels of energy (p < .05) and acculturation (p < .05). Spirituality was related to levels of energy (p < .001) and pain (p < .02). Neither disease progression nor severity was related to self-transcendence or spirituality. The findings suggest the concept of self-transcendence may not be culturally meaningful to Hispanic patients. The development of valid and reliable tools specific for this population is important for future research.

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