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J Exp Med. 2006 Jun 12;203(6):1567-78. Epub 2006 Jun 5.

Forced usage of positively charged amino acids in immunoglobulin CDR-H3 impairs B cell development and antibody production.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, SHEL 401, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.


Tyrosine and glycine constitute 40% of complementarity determining region 3 of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (CDR-H3), the center of the classic antigen-binding site. To assess the role of D(H) RF1-encoded tyrosine and glycine in regulating CDR-H3 content and potentially influencing B cell function, we created mice limited to a single D(H) encoding asparagine, histidine, and arginines in RF1. Tyrosine and glycine content in CDR-H3 was halved. Bone marrow and spleen mature B cell and peritoneal cavity B-1 cell numbers were also halved, whereas marginal zone B cell numbers increased. Serum immunoglobulin G subclass levels and antibody titers to T-dependent and T-independent antigens all declined. Thus, violation of the conserved preference for tyrosine and glycine in D(H) RF1 alters CDR-H3 content and impairs B cell development and antibody production.

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