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Mol Membr Biol. 2006 Mar-Apr;23(2):149-56.

Two splice variants derived from a Drosophila melanogaster candidate ClC gene generate ClC-2-type Cl- channels.

Author information

1
Centro de Estudios CientĂ­ficos (CECS), Valdivia, Chile.

Abstract

Members of the ClC family of membrane proteins have been found in a variety of species and they can function as Cl- channels or Cl-/H+ antiporters. Three potential ClC genes are present in the Drosophila melanogaster genome. Only one of them shows homology with a branch of the mammalian ClC genes that encode plasma membrane Cl- channels. The remaining two are close to mammalian homologues coding for intracellular ClC proteins. Using RT-PCR we have identified two splice variants showing highest homology (41% residue identity) to the mammalian ClC-2 chloride channel. One splice variant (DmClC-2S) is expressed in the fly head and body and an additional, larger variant (DmClC-2L) is only present in the head. Both putative Drosophila channels conserve key features of the ClC channels cloned so far, including residues conforming the selectivity filter and C-terminus CBS domains. The splice variants differ in a stretch of 127 aa at the intracellular C-terminal portion separating cystathionate beta synthase (CBS) domains. Expression of either Drosophila ClC-2 variant in HEK-293 cells generated inwardly rectifying Cl- currents with similar activation and deactivation characteristics. There was great similarity in functional characteristics between DmClC-2 variants and their mammalian counterpart, save for slower opening kinetics and faster closing rate. As CBS domains are believed to be sites of regulation of channel gating and trafficking, it is suggested that the extra amino acids present between CBS domains in DmClC-2L might endow the channel with a differential response to signals present in the fly cells where it is expressed.

PMID:
16754358
DOI:
10.1080/09687860500449978
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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