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Leuk Lymphoma. 2006 May;47(5):837-42.

In vivo expansion of LMP 1- and 2-specific T-cells in a patient who received donor-derived EBV-specific T-cells after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

Author information

1
Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. cmbollar@txccc.org

Abstract

Immunotherapy approaches with antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) have provided safe and effective prophylaxis and treatment of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphomas arising after bone marrow transplantation. EBV is also associated with other malignancies including approximately 40% of cases of Hodgkin's disease, making this tumor another potential target for EBV-targeted immunotherapy. This study describes a patient with multiple relapsed EBV positive Hodgkin's Disease who received both autologous and allogeneic EBV CTL lines. After multiple chemotherapeutic and radiotherapy regimens including two autologous stem cell transplants, he received two doses of gene-marked autologous EBV-specific CTL which resulted in disease stabilization for 6 months. The gene-marked EBV-CTL persisted for 12 months in the peripheral blood after which he proceeded to unrelated donor stem cell transplant followed by immunotherapy with donor-derived EBV-specific CTL. Despite low levels of donor chimerism, the patient remains in complete remission 5 years post-allogeneic SCT. Comparison of the autologous and the donor-derived CTL lines showed that the donor line had specificity for two tumor-associated EBV antigens, latent membrane protein (LMP)1 and 2 compared to the autologous line, which only had specificity for LMP2 epitopes. Following infusion of the donor-derived CTL, functional analyses showed that T-cells reactive with both LMP1 and LMP2 epitopes expanded in the peripheral blood, suggesting that strategies to increase their frequency may result in a broader cytotoxic response against EBV+ Hodgkin tumors.

PMID:
16753867
DOI:
10.1080/10428190600604724
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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